Thailand, Philippines rank highest in terrorism index in Southeast Asia

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Global Terrorism Index 2015
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The newly released Global Terrorism Index 2015 by Sydney-based Institute for Economics and Peace puts Thailand and the Philippines on rank 10 and 11, respectively, on a list of 162 countries worldwide. The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism and is measuring the impact of terrorism on each country in terms of fatalities, total economic costs of terrorist activity and other factors.

Both countries were followed by Indonesia (33rd), Myanmar (41st), Malaysia (49th), Cambodia (113th), Laos (121st), Singapore and Vietnam (tied at 124th). Brunei is not on the list.

Thailand’s ranking is unchanged from the 2014 report which looked at the 2013 fact. In 2014, Thailand recorded the most terrorist incidents ever in the country with a 16 per cent increase over the previous year, the report noted. However, there were fewer deaths (156) than the peak recorded in 2009 of 255 people. Terrorist activity is overwhelmingly confined to the south of the country where there is an ongoing insurgency between Muslim separatists and the Thai government, with Malay Muslims opposed to the Thai Buddhist minority and supporters of the government. This conflict has been ongoing since 2004 with estimates of 5,000 deaths and 10,000 injuries. Terrorist activity is so localised that only 18 out of the 76 provinces of Thailand suffered from attacks. However, this is up from 11 provinces in 2013.

However, the capital and most populous city, Bangkok, has seen a recent increase in attacks. Bangkok recorded a five-fold increase in attacks in 2014 with 58 attacks compared to nine attacks in the previous year. This is the most attacks ever recorded in Bangkok. Despite the large number of attacks there were nine deaths in Bangkok. However, in August 2015 there was a bombing at Erawan shrine in Bangkok which killed 20 people.

The Philippines’ ranking improved from 9th in the 2014 report as it saw a decrease in the number of deaths related to terrorism. The country experienced 378 terrorism incidents last year that left 240 persons dead and 367 others injured. A total of 529 properties were damaged because of the atrocities. The number of terrorism-related fatalities, nevertheless, went down by 18 per cent to 240 in 2014 from 291 in 2013.

“Terrorism in the Philippines is intrinsically tied with nationalist and separatist claims by people living in provinces in southern Philippines,” the report read.

“The largest individual group was the New People’s Army (NPA), a communist organisation, which claimed responsibility for 32 per cent of deaths in 2014,” it added.

Iraq, which is being plagued by the presence of terrorist group Islamic State, ranked first in the index followed by Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Syria, India, Yemen, Somalia and Libya.

The report said overall deaths from terrorism rose 80 per cent last year to the highest level ever, with 32,658 people killed from 18,111 in 2013. Boko Haram and the Islamic State were jointly responsible for 51 per cent of all global fatalities in 2014. According to the report, 78 per cent of all deaths and 57 per cent of all attacks occurred in just five countries namely Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria.

“Iraq continues to be the country most impacted by terrorism with 9,929 terrorist fatalities the highest ever recorded in a single country,” the report said.

The global economic cost of terrorism has hit an all-time high at $52.9-billion. There have been more than 61,000 terrorist attacks worldwide since the year 2000.

 

 

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Reading Time: 2 minutes

Click to enlarge

The newly released Global Terrorism Index 2015 by Sydney-based Institute for Economics and Peace puts Thailand and the Philippines on rank 10 and 11, respectively, on a list of 162 countries worldwide. The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism and is measuring the impact of terrorism on each country in terms of fatalities, total economic costs of terrorist activity and other factors.

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Global Terrorism Index 2015
Click to enlarge

The newly released Global Terrorism Index 2015 by Sydney-based Institute for Economics and Peace puts Thailand and the Philippines on rank 10 and 11, respectively, on a list of 162 countries worldwide. The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism and is measuring the impact of terrorism on each country in terms of fatalities, total economic costs of terrorist activity and other factors.

Both countries were followed by Indonesia (33rd), Myanmar (41st), Malaysia (49th), Cambodia (113th), Laos (121st), Singapore and Vietnam (tied at 124th). Brunei is not on the list.

Thailand’s ranking is unchanged from the 2014 report which looked at the 2013 fact. In 2014, Thailand recorded the most terrorist incidents ever in the country with a 16 per cent increase over the previous year, the report noted. However, there were fewer deaths (156) than the peak recorded in 2009 of 255 people. Terrorist activity is overwhelmingly confined to the south of the country where there is an ongoing insurgency between Muslim separatists and the Thai government, with Malay Muslims opposed to the Thai Buddhist minority and supporters of the government. This conflict has been ongoing since 2004 with estimates of 5,000 deaths and 10,000 injuries. Terrorist activity is so localised that only 18 out of the 76 provinces of Thailand suffered from attacks. However, this is up from 11 provinces in 2013.

However, the capital and most populous city, Bangkok, has seen a recent increase in attacks. Bangkok recorded a five-fold increase in attacks in 2014 with 58 attacks compared to nine attacks in the previous year. This is the most attacks ever recorded in Bangkok. Despite the large number of attacks there were nine deaths in Bangkok. However, in August 2015 there was a bombing at Erawan shrine in Bangkok which killed 20 people.

The Philippines’ ranking improved from 9th in the 2014 report as it saw a decrease in the number of deaths related to terrorism. The country experienced 378 terrorism incidents last year that left 240 persons dead and 367 others injured. A total of 529 properties were damaged because of the atrocities. The number of terrorism-related fatalities, nevertheless, went down by 18 per cent to 240 in 2014 from 291 in 2013.

“Terrorism in the Philippines is intrinsically tied with nationalist and separatist claims by people living in provinces in southern Philippines,” the report read.

“The largest individual group was the New People’s Army (NPA), a communist organisation, which claimed responsibility for 32 per cent of deaths in 2014,” it added.

Iraq, which is being plagued by the presence of terrorist group Islamic State, ranked first in the index followed by Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Syria, India, Yemen, Somalia and Libya.

The report said overall deaths from terrorism rose 80 per cent last year to the highest level ever, with 32,658 people killed from 18,111 in 2013. Boko Haram and the Islamic State were jointly responsible for 51 per cent of all global fatalities in 2014. According to the report, 78 per cent of all deaths and 57 per cent of all attacks occurred in just five countries namely Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria.

“Iraq continues to be the country most impacted by terrorism with 9,929 terrorist fatalities the highest ever recorded in a single country,” the report said.

The global economic cost of terrorism has hit an all-time high at $52.9-billion. There have been more than 61,000 terrorist attacks worldwide since the year 2000.

 

 

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